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怎么使用制砂机才可使其寿命更长,要注意哪些点?

发布时间:2021-03-30

制砂机是砂石物料细碎制砂常见的一类制砂设备,按其制砂细度以及制砂工艺要求的不同,常可分为直通冲击式制砂机、VSI制砂机、HVI制砂机以及移动式制砂机四种。可以处理的物料有:鹅卵石、河卵石、河石、花岗岩、铁矿石、方解石、石英石、耐火材料、玻璃砂以及混凝土骨料等。在高速公路、高速铁路、高层建筑、市政、水电大坝建设、混凝土搅拌站、砂石料场等领域广泛应用。

Sand making machine is a common type of sand making equipment for fine crushing of sand and gravel materials. According to the different sand making fineness and sand making process requirements, it can often be divided into straight-through impact sand making machine and VSI sand making machine. , HVI sand making machine and mobile sand making machine. The materials that can be processed are: pebbles, river pebbles, river rocks, granite, iron ore, calcite, quartz stone, refractory materials, glass sand and concrete aggregates. It is widely used in highways, high-speed railways, high-rise buildings, municipal administration, hydropower dam construction, concrete mixing plants, sand and gravel yards and other fields.

制砂机

制砂机

长寿命制砂机需注意的点

1、开车前检查涡动腔观察门是否关紧,以防止砂石从涡动腔观察门冲出,发生危险。

1. Check whether the vortex chamber observation door is closed tightly before driving to prevent sand and gravel from rushing out of the vortex chamber observation door, which may cause danger.

2、检查叶轮旋转方向,从入料口方向看,叶轮应逆时针方向转动,否则应调整电动机接线。

2. Check the direction of rotation of the impeller. From the direction of the material inlet, the impeller should rotate counterclockwise, otherwise the motor wiring should be adjusted.

3、制砂机与输送设备的启动顺序为:排料→制砂机→给料。

3. The starting sequence of the sand making machine and the conveying equipment is: discharge→sand making machine→feeding.

4、制砂机必须空载启动,待运转正常后方可给料。停机顺序与开机顺序相反。

4. The sand making machine must be started without load, and can only feed materials after it runs normally. The stopping sequence is opposite to the starting sequence.

5、入料颗粒严格按规定要求,禁止大于规定的物料进入制砂机,否则,会引起叶轮的不平衡及叶轮过分磨损,基至造成堵塞叶

轮通道及中心入料管,使制砂机不能正常工作,发现过大块入料应及时排除。

5. Feed particles are strictly in accordance with the regulations. Materials larger than the regulations are forbidden to enter the sand making machine. Otherwise, it will cause the impeller's imbalance and excessive wear of the impeller, causing blockage of the blade

wheel channel and center feeding Pipe, make the sand making machine not work normally, if too large input is found, it should be removed in time.

6、排料设备停动时,应及时停止给料,否则,会压死叶轮,烧毁电动机。

6. When the discharging equipment stops, the feeding should be stopped in time, otherwise, the impeller will be crushed and the motor will be burnt.

7、给料应均匀连续。

7. Feeding should be uniform and continuous.

8、制砂机运转过程中,不得有剧烈振动和异常噪声,否则,应停车检查。

8. During the operation of the sand making machine, there must be no severe vibration or abnormal noise, otherwise, stop for inspection.

9、机器的润滑:采用要求的车用润滑脂特级,加入量为轴承空腔的1/2-2/3,制砂机每工作一班时,添加适量润滑脂。

9. Lubrication of the machine: use the required special grade of automotive grease, the amount added is 1/2-2/3 of the bearing cavity, and an appropriate amount of grease should be added every shift of the sand making machine.

10、传动三角胶带拉紧力大小应调整适当,以保证三角胶带受力均匀,双电机驱动时,两侧三角胶带应进行分组选配,便其每组长度尽可能一致。应调整使两电机电流差值不超过15A。

10. The tensioning force of the drive triangle tape should be adjusted appropriately to ensure that the triangle tape is evenly stressed. When driven by dual motors, the triangle tapes on both sides should be grouped and matched, so that the length of each group is as consistent as possible. It should be adjusted so that the current difference between the two motors does not exceed 15A.

延长制砂机转子轴承寿命的有效方法有:正确选择转子轴承的型号;提高转子体的平衡精度;选择合理的配合关系;改善轴承的受力状况。

Effective ways to extend the life of the rotor bearing of a sand making machine include: correctly selecting the rotor bearing model; improving the balance accuracy of the rotor body; choosing a reasonable matching relationship; improving the bearing condition of the bearing.

当前,砂石价格高涨,石料厂更应重视制砂机的合理使用和维护,使设备能够正常持续运行,提高设备的使用寿命,保证设备高效运转,达到企业高收益回报。

Currently, the price of sand and gravel is soaring, and stone factories should pay more attention to the reasonable use and maintenance of sand making machines, so that the equipment can operate normally and continuously, increase the service life of the equipment, ensure the efficient operation of the equipment, and achieve high returns for the enterprise.

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